人教版九年级英语上册1-10单元常考词组用法归纳

2019-07-16 16:24 来源: 高考学习网 本文影响了:141人

1.put on着重于“穿”这一动作,即由没穿到穿这一过程的完成,意为“穿上”。如:Please put on your new coat.

请穿上你的新大衣。

2.wear强调“穿着”这一状态,也可表示“戴着”。如:He’s wearing a white shirt.他穿着一件白衬衫。

(比较:He is putting on his blue hat.他正戴上他的蓝帽子。)

3.dress既可表示动作,又可表示状态,常由人作宾语,意为“给……穿衣服”。如:

Could you dress the child for me? 你能不能替我给小孩穿上衣服?

①当表示自己穿衣服时,一般用“get dressed(=dress oneself)”。如:He cannot get dressed(=dress himself). 他不会自己穿衣服。

②当dress表示状态时,一般要用“be dressed in”的形式。如:She was dressed in a red coat. 她穿着一件红色的上衣。

4.dress up强调着意打扮,意为“穿上盛装;乔装打扮”。如:She likes to dress up for a party. 她喜欢打扮得漂漂亮亮的去参加晚会。

5.“be in+表示颜色或衣服的词”是系表结构,强调“穿着”“戴着”的状态,后面多接颜色。 如:

The girl in red is my sister.穿着红色衣服的女孩是我的妹妹。

6.die和death都是“死亡”的意思,它们的区别在于词性不同:die是动词,death是名词,还有dead是形容词。例如:She died of hunger.她死于饥饿。在这里,die是动词,它在这个句子里作谓语。

Her death was a shock to him.她的死对他是个打击。在这里,death是名词,它在这个句子里作主语。

The tiger fell dead.老虎倒地死去。这里的dead是形容词,它在这个句子里作表语。

注意:die为短暂性动词,不能与延续性时间连用,表延续性用be dead。

7.convenient的用法:①1. convenient无论表示“便利的”“不远的”,还是表示“方便的”“合适的”,均可与介词 for, to 连用。如:Our school is convenient for [to] the station. 我们学校离车站很近便。

If it is convenient for [to] you, we’ll come tomorrow. 如果你方便的话,我们就明天来吧。

②. convenient的实际意思是“使人感到方便的”,而不是“(自己)感觉到方便的”,所以它的主语通常不能是人。如:Railway is convenient. 铁路方便。

比较:误:I’ll come if you are convenient.正:I’ll come if it is convenient for [to] you. 你若方便,我就来。

③. 其后可接不定式,但句子应带有形式主语或形式宾语 it。如:I think it (is) convenient to leave at once. 我认为马上离开较适合。Will it be convenient for you to start work tomorrow? 明天就开始工作你觉得方便吗?

有时也可能没有形式主语,而用“人”或“物”作主语,但此时句子的主语必须是其后不定式的逻辑宾语。如:Mary is convenient to see on Sunday. = It’s convenient to see Mary on Sunday.

星期天见玛丽较为方便。

The furniture is convenient to move. = It is convenient to move the furniture. 这家具搬起来很方便。

8.动词suggest有如下一些用法: ⑴有"建议"的意思.advise, propose 也有此义,请比较它们用法的异同: ① 都可接名词作宾语 She suggested / advised / proposed an early start. 她建议早一点出发.

We suggested / advised / proposed a visit to the museum the next day. 我们建议明天去参观博物馆.

②都可接动名词作宾语 I suggested / advised / proposed putting off the sports meet. 我建议将运动会延期. They suggested / advised / proposed waiting until the proper time. 他们建议(我们)等到恰当的时机才行动.

③都可接that 宾语从句, that从句用should+动词原形, should可以省略. She suggested / advised / proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不要在星期六举行.

We suggested / advised / proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher. 我们建议他去向老师道歉.

④ advise 可接动词不定式复合宾语, propose 可接不定式作宾语. I advised him to give up the foolish idea. = I suggested / proposed his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我建议他放弃那愚蠢的念头.

(suggest和propose在口语里可接动名词的复合宾语).

We proposed to start early. = We proposed starting early. 我们建议早一点出发.(接不定式不用suggest和advise)

⑵有"提出"的意思.如: He suggested a different plan to his boss. 他向老板提出了一个不同的计划.

Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem. 小王提出了一个解决这个问题的办法.

⑶有"暗示、表明"的意思.其主语往往是事物,而不是人. ①接名词或动名词作宾语.

The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高.

Her pale face suggested bad health. 她脸色苍白,看来身体不好.

The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳.

②接宾语从句,从句用陈述语气.如: The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定表明他可以把家属带来. The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 他脸上的表情表明他很生气.

⑶在主语从句It is suggested that... 及名词suggestion 后面表示具体建议的表语从句、同位语从句都应用should+动词原形,should可以省略.如: It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. 人们建议我们在晚会上表演节目.

His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. 他的建议是先把债务还清.

The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill. 医生们建议不要把新医院建在山上.

9. dare作情态动词:通常用于疑问句、否定句或条件句中;或与whether, hardly等连用。如:

Dare you ask him?你敢问他吗? She dare not go out alone. 她不敢单独出去。

I don’t know whether he dare try. 我不知道他敢不敢试。

If you ever dare call me that name again, you’ll be sorry. 你胆敢再那样叫我, 你会后悔的。

注意:①. 有时有过去式dared。如: No one dared speak of it. 没有人敢提及此事。

② How dare you/he/she/they…?表示说话人对某人的行为表示愤慨。如: How dare you ask me such a question?

你怎敢问我这样的问题?

③ I dare say表示“我相信,我认为,可能”。如:I dare say you are right. 我认为你是对的。

■dare作行为动词:可用于各种句子中;在疑问句或否定句中,to经常被省略。如:Did anyone dare (to) admit it?有人敢于承认吗? He did not dare (to) leave his car there. 他不敢把车停放在那里。

If he dares to show up at her house I’ll be surprised. 如果他敢出现在她的房子里,我会感到吃惊。

注意:表示“挑衅,挑起,敢冒(险) ”等意思时,只能用作行为动词。

I dare you to cheat me. 谅你也不敢欺骗我。 He dared me to jump over the river.他激我跳过河。

She dared the anger of her father. 她不怕惹她父亲发火。

10. do with 常与连接代词 what 连用,而 deal with 常与连接副词 how 连用,如:

① I don’t know how they deal with the problem. (= I don’t know what they do with the problem. )我不知道他们如何处理这个问题。

② He is easy to deal with. (= He is easy to do with. 这时“do”是不及物动词)他是容易相处的人。这两个词组在使用时有细微的差别。一般地说,do with 表示“处置”、“忍受”、“相处”、“有关”等。如:

③They found a way to do with the elephant. 他们找到对付那头大象的办法了。

④We can’t do with such carelessness. 我们不能容忍这种粗枝大叶的作风。

⑤We are difficult to do with the new comer. 我们很难与新来的那个人相处。

⑥I have nothing to do with him. 我跟他无任何关系。

11. deal with 意义很广,常表示“对付”、“应付”、“处理”、“安排”、“论述”、“涉及”等。如:

They could properly deal with all kinds of situations. 他能恰当地应付各种局面。

Deal with a man as he deals with you. 以其人之道,还治其人之身。

This is a book dealing with Asian problems. 这是一本论述亚洲问题的书。

They have learned to deal with various persons. 他们学会了和各种人打交道

12. make it 是英语口语中十分有用的一个习语,用法比较多,本文为大家归纳如下。

①表示事业获得成功

You will make it if you try. 你会成功的,如果你努力的话。

He’s never really made it as an actor. 他当演员从未有所成就。

②表示某人做成某事

You needn’t worry; he will make it. 你不必 担心,他会办成的。

If you want to make it, better get doing. 如果你想把这事干成,就该动手了。

I can’t make it on Friday. 星期五我办不好。

Many high-wire walkers died on their last step, thinking they had made it.

许多走绳索 者死在最后一步上,这时他们认为已经演成功了。

I thought he would be too old to get to the top of the mountain, but he made it at last.

我原以为他年纪大爬不到山顶,但最后他还是爬上去了。

③表示设法做到某事

I’ve been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I think I’ll make it every week from now on.

我一直是每两个星期上一次小提琴课,但是我想从现在起每个星期都上课。

④表示及时赶上火车等

The train leaves in five minutes—we’ll never make it. 火车再有五分钟就开了—— 我们绝对赶不上了。

The train won’t leave for another ten minutes, so I think we can make it. 离 开 车 还有 10 分钟,我想我们能赶得上。

⑤表示及时抵达某地

We are too late; I don’t think we can make it. 我们太迟了,我想我们难以准时赶到了。

He says he’ll come on time, but he’ll never make it. 他说他明天准时来, 但他绝对做不 到。

I’m really sorry, but I won’t be able to make it on Sunday after all. 真的很抱歉, 我星期天根本赶不到。

If you can’t make it Friday, we can invite somebody else. 如果你星期五赶不到,我们 可邀请其他人。

make it是美国俚语, 是一个用途极广的多义性习语,在书刊中俯首即是,在日常交谈中随时可听得到, 但要真正理解并掌握其在不同场合下的不 同含义并非一件容易的事。笔者在这里想谈谈该习语的常见用法。

①用来表示规定时间,常与 can, let 等词连用。例如:

A:Shall we meet next week?下星期我们见面,好吗?

B:Yes. Let's make it next Sunday.好 的,让我们约定下星期日吧。

A: Can you make it tomorrow?明天行吗?

②用来表示达到预定目标;办成, 做到;成功;发迹。例如:

Tell him I want to see him tonight, at my house if he can make it.告诉他今晚我 要见他,行的话就在我家。

He wants to make it as a writer.他想作为作家而一举成名。

③用来表示及时抵达;赶上。例如:

He won't be able to make it home at Christmas.圣诞节时他到不了家。

We'll make it with a minute or two to spare.我们能及时赶到,而且还可以早一两 分钟。

④用来表示(疾病)等得到好转; 得救。 例如:

The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it.医生知道那个病人没什么希望了。

Lucy almost died, but they gave her blood transfusions and she made it.露茜几乎濒临死亡,但输血以后她又转危为安了。

⑤用来表示相处得很好,受欢迎(或 尊重),被接受(与 with 连用)。例如:

She finally made it with the crowd in Hollywood.她终于受到好莱坞人的欢迎。

Talking that way, he'll never make it with the committee.他那样说话在委员会决 不会被接受。

⑥用来表示预定小吃。例如:

Make it a cake and a bottle of orange. 来一块蛋糕和一瓶橘汁。

Make it three bottles of the best champagne you've got and send them up to my room .送三瓶最好的香槟酒到我的房间去。

13. make it to a place 到达某地

Eric set sail once again, this time with 25 ships, of which only 14 made it to Greenland.

①表示约定时间

“When shall we meet again?” “Make it any day you like; it’s all the same to me.” “ 我 们什么时候再次碰头?”“随你定在哪天,我 无所谓。”

Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday morning at my office. 我们把时间定在星期 二早上七点,地点就在我办公室。

“Shall we make it next week?” “OK, let’s make it next week.” “ 下个星 期 可 以 吗?”“好的,咱们就定在下个星期吧。”

Let’s make it at 8:30. Is that all right for you? 我们约定在 8 点半吧,这对你合适吗?

②表示病情好转

The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it. 医生知道那个病人没什么希 望了。

He had a high fever, but it doesn’t mean he couldn’t make it. 他发高烧, 但这并不意味着他挺不过去。

注意,以下 make it…结构中的 it 为形式宾语:

I have to make it clear that my family is poor. 我得说清楚我家里很穷。

He made it a rule to take part in physi

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