人教版英语八年级上册Unit2知识总结(重点短语+句子+语法+练习)

2020-01-22 12:59 来源: 高考学习网 本文影响了:4419人

八年级上册Unit2素材(重点短语+句子+语法+练习)

一.词组、短语

1. 帮助做家务 help with housework

2. 在周末on weekends

3. 去看电影 go to the movies

4. 几乎不 hardly ever

5. 每一天 every day

6. 一周两次 twice a week

7. 使用网络 use the Internet

8. 上钢琴和舞蹈课have piano and dance lessons

9. 怎么会? How come?

10. 熬夜 stay up

11. 吃健康的早餐 eat a healthy breakfast

12. 做运动 play sports/ do sports/ do exercise/ take exercise

13. 至少 at least

14. 放学后 after school

15. 多久一次 how often

16. 对……有益 be good for

17. 吃垃圾食品 eat junk food

18. 在闲暇的时候 in the free time

19. 根本不 not... at all

20. 上网 go online

21. 问题的答案 the answer to the question

22. 例如 such as / for example

23. 和……共度时光 spend time with

24. 旧习难改 Old habits die hard.

25. 去看牙医 go to the dentist

26. 超过,多于more than

27. 少于 less than

28. 放松的最好方式 the best way to relax

29. 吃水果 eat fruit

30. 去购物 go shopping

31.读英语书 read English books

32. 我最喜欢的节目 my favorite program

33. 在周三和周五on Wednesday and Friday

34. 和朋友打网球 play tennis with friends

35. 吃苹果 eat apples

36.喝牛奶 drink milk

37. 早睡 go to bed early

38. 去乡下露营 go camping in the country

39. 打电脑游戏 play computer games

40. 一周四到六次 four to six times a week

41.一名16岁的中学生a 16-year-old high school student

42.喝果汁 drink juice

43. 吃汉堡 eat hamburgers

44. 洁牙(动词短语)clean the teeth (名词短语)teeth cleaning

45. 害怕…… be afraid of 害怕做某事be afraid to do sth.

二.重要句子

1.What do you usually do on weekends?你周末通常做什么?

2.I always exercise.总是锻炼身体。

3.What do they do on weekends?他们周末干什么?

4.They often help with housework.他们经常帮助干家务活。

5.What does she do on weekends? 她周末干什么?

6.She sometimes goes shopping.她有时购物。

7.How often do you go to the movies? 你多久看电影一次?

8.I go to the movies maybe once a month.可能一个月看一次。

9.How often does he watch TV? 他多久看电视一次?

10.He hardly ever watches TV.他几乎不看电视。

11.Do you go shopping? 你购物吗?

12.No, I never go shopping.不,我从来就不购物。

三.习惯用语和搭配

1. help sb. with sth 帮助某人做某事

2. How about…? =What about…? ….怎么样?/ ….好不好?

3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 ….有多少…..

5. 主语+ find+ that 从句 …发现…

6. It’s + adj.+ to do sth. 做某事是….的

7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光

8. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事

9. by doing sth. 通过做某事

10. What’s your favorite…..? 你最喜欢的……是什么?

11 start doing sth. 开始做某事

四.语法讲解

1. help with housework 帮助做家务

(1) help with sth. 意为“帮助做某事”拓展:help sb. with sth.= help sb. (to)do sth. 帮助某人做某事

Eg: I often help him with his English.= I often help him (to) learn English. 我经常帮他学习英语。

(2)housework 意为“家务劳动”。不可数名词。

1. They have housework to do. A. many B. much

2. sometimes 有时

辨析:sometimes ,some times ,sometime , some time

sometimes 有时候。=at times也是“有时”的意思。提问用how often

some times 几次。time作可数名词时可作“次数”解;表示“时间”时是不可数名词。How mang times

sometime 某个时候。可指过去或将来的某个时候。提问用when

some time 一段时间。常与for连用。对它提问用how long 。

口诀记忆:分开“一段时间” ;相聚“某个时候”

Eg:Sometimes I get up very late. 有时我起床很晚。

I will go to shanghai sometime next week. 下周某个时候我要去上海。

He reads the story some times. 他读这个故事几遍了。

I’ll stay here for some time. 我将会在这儿呆一段时间。

练习:

① We plan to stay in Hainan for . 我们打算在海南呆一段时间。

② I am sure that we have met before. 我肯定我们之前见过几次了。

③ I have letters from him. 有时我会收到他的来信。

3. hardly ever 几乎不 hardly ever相当于hardly

eg:There is hardly any food left. 几乎没有食物剩下。

辨析:hardly 与hard

hardly 几乎不,一般位于动词之前。 hard 努力,位于动词之后。

eg:He hardly works. 他几乎不工作。

He works hard. 他工作努力。

4. use the Internet 用互联网 use sth. to do sth. 用某物做某事

eg:I use a knife to cut bread. 我用刀切面包。

短语:on the Internet 在网上 surf the Internet 网上冲浪,上网

5. What’s your favorite program? 你最喜欢的节目是什么?

句型:What’s your favorite...?=What... do you like best?你最喜欢的......是什么?

What’s your favorite animal?

你最喜欢的动物是什么?= __________________________________________

6. Are you free next week? 你下周有空吗?

free 意为“空闲的,有空的”,反义词busy。 be free 意为“闲着,有空”

eg::He is free now.他现在有空。

拓展:free还可译为“免费的”

Eg:The tickets are free. 票是免费的。

7. ... next week is quite full for me... …下周对我来说相当忙…

quite full 很忙,相当忙.

拓展:①full 还可译为“满的,充满的”。

Eg:The bus was full when they got there. 翻译________________________________________

②full 还可译为“饱的”。

Eg:I can’t eat any more,I am quite full. 我不能再吃了,我相当饱了。

8. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。

How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?

9. I have dance and piano lessons. 我要上舞蹈课和英语课。

have 在此意为“上……课”。

Eg: They’re having an English lesson. 他们正在上英语课。

扩展:have lessons 上课 Lesson One 第一课

10. Well, how about Tuesday? 哦,那周二呢?

How about...? (=What about...?) 意为“……怎么样?”,用来征求对方的意见。

Eg: How about this book? 这本书怎样?

How / What about doing sth. ...? 做……怎么样?

Eg:—What will we do on Sunday? 星期天我们什么?

—How about visiting the museum? 去参观博