人教新课标版高一英语必修1 :Unit 2 English around the world(2)

2020-01-20 09:03 来源: 高考学习网 本文影响了:321人

(一)语法:直接引语&间接引语(2

知识梳理

祈使句变间接引语

1.当直接引语是表示命令、请求、劝告、提醒或警告等的祈使句,变为间接引语时须用复合宾语,即“动词+宾语+不定式”结构。常见的引述动词有表示命令的ordertellcommand;表示请求的askrequest;表示提醒或警告的remindwarn以及表示劝告的advise等。例如:

Open the window,”he said. →  He told me to open the window.  他让我打开窗户。

 

2.当直接引语为否定祈使句时,变为间接引语时须在不定式符号前加not

例如:

She said,“Don't make so much noisechildren!”→  She told the children not to make so much noise.

她告诉孩子们不要弄出这么多噪音。

 

3.当直接引语为表示建议、提议的祈使句或表示请求、提议、劝告、建议的疑问句时,多采用“suggestdoing/that从句(suggest后接that从句时,从句使用虚拟语气should+动词原形,should也可省略)offer to doask/advise/want sb.to do”等结构。

Jack said,“Let's go to the cinema tonight.” →  Jack suggested that we should go to the cinema that night.

(Jack suggested us going to the cinema that night.)   那天晚上杰克建议我们去看电影。

John said,“Why not invite Mary to the party?”→  John advised me to invite Mary to the party.

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